Dr Tahir Hussein

Testicular Scan: What Should You Expect?

May 02, 2023, 23:05 Testes

Testicular ultrasounds are a safe and non-invasive way for doctors to assess and diagnose abnormalities in the testicles. If you’re anxious about the procedure, don’t worry—it’s natural to feel that way. 

Whether your doctor has referred you or you are considering the test on your own, this guide will provide you with the information you need to prepare for the procedure and understand the results.


What is a testicular ultrasound?

A testicular ultrasound (also referred to as a scrotum or scrotal ultrasound) is a non-invasive medical procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to create detailed images of the testicles. 

A scrotal scan is a safe and painless way to examine the testicles and the surrounding tissues.

The ultrasound machine works by sending sound waves into the testes or scrotal area, which bounce off the tissues and create echoes. 

The echoes are then converted into images by a computer, which a qualified medical doctor (Radiologist) will view in real-time.

Overall, a testicular ultrasound is a valuable diagnostic tool that can provide important information about the health of the testicles. 

If you have concerns about your testicular health, don’t hesitate to get in touch. Our team is more than happy to answer your questions.


Why might I need a testicular ultrasound?

Feeling anxious about a testicular ultrasound is normal, but there’s no need to stress. It’s a painless and non-invasive imaging method doctors use to diagnose abnormalities in the testicles.

You may need a testes scan if you have a new or enlarging lump in your scrotum or testicles or are experiencing pain or swelling. 

Your doctor might use your scans to diagnose conditions such as varicoceles as part of a fertility screen, which may impact your fertility. 

Additionally, an ultrasound can check for undescended testicles, a condition where one or both testicles don’t drop into the scrotum.

During the scrotum scan, ultrasound echoes provide real-time dynamic images that our doctors can use to distinguish between solid masses (which may indicate a tumour) and fluid-filled masses (which may indicate a cyst). 

The echoes also enable doctors to examine blood flow to and from the testicles.


What can I expect from the procedure?

If you are scheduled for a scrotal ultrasound, you can expect a painless and non-invasive procedure.

The entire process typically takes around 15 to 30 minutes, and you can resume your regular activities immediately afterwards.


Before the ultrasound:

Preparing for a scrotal ultrasound is easy, and there is no need to feel embarrassed about the procedure—the process is so straightforward that very little preparation is required.

We recommend you wear loose, comfortable clothing on the day of your appointment. This will help you feel relaxed and at ease. 

Additionally, remove any jewellery or metal objects before the exam, as these can interfere with the imaging technology.

If you are asked to wear a gown for the procedure, you will need to remove your clothing underneath.

 However, rest assured that you will be given a private area to change and that our staff will respect your privacy throughout the entire process.

We understand that some patients may feel anxious or nervous about the procedure, and we want you to know that you are not alone.

Our experienced clinicians will do everything they can to ensure you feel comfortable throughout the process.

You are welcome to bring a friend or family member into the screening area with you for support.


During the ultrasound:

During the scan, you will be asked to lie on your back, and the doctor will apply a water-based gel to your scrotum. 

This gel helps to improve the transmission of sound waves, enabling clearer images to be captured.

The clinician will then use a handheld scanner to take images of your testicles from different angles. 

The scanner projects these images onto a screen in real-time, allowing the specialist to analyse the pictures and identify any potential issues.


After the ultrasound:

After the scan, you will receive your results quickly. You don’t need to take any precautions; unless otherwise advised, you can continue your regular diet and daily activities, including exercise.

Remember that diagnostic ultrasound at the intensity levels used in the procedure has no significant side effects or causes any complications—the process does not involve radiation like other medical imaging techniques.

The doctor may give you additional or alternative instructions depending on your results.

This might include further testing, monitoring, changes to your diet or lifestyle, or other treatments.

Carefully follow your doctor’s instructions to ensure you achieve the best possible health outcomes.

If you have any questions or concerns following your scrotal ultrasound, please do not hesitate to contact your healthcare provider or our team for further guidance.


What might you find in a testicular ultrasound?

A testicular ultrasound is an effective tool for detecting various testicular disorders. Here are some conditions ultrasound can detect.

  • Abscesses, infections, or inflammation around the testes or epididymis:


    These can be caused by a variety of factors, including injury, infection, or inflammation.

  • Blood flow:


    An ultrasound can also detect blood flow within the testicles, which can provide important information about the health of the tissue.

  • Cysts and tumours:


    These abnormal growths can be either benign or malignant.

  • Fluid buildup:


    Hydroceles occur when fluid accumulates in the sac surrounding the testicle.

  • Scrotal hernias:


    These occur when part of the intestine pushes through the abdominal wall and into the scrotum.

  • Signs of cancer:


    A testicular ultrasound can detect early signs of testicular cancer, including lumps or masses within the testicles.

  • Swollen veins:


    Varicoceles are swollen veins in the scrotum that can impact fertility.

  • Testicular size abnormalities:


    An ultrasound can detect testicular size abnormalities, such as smaller or larger than average testes.

  • Fertility screening:


    assessing the size of the testicles or other structural causes such as varicoceles. Varicoceles can cause infertility in men by affecting the quality and quantity of sperm produced by the testicles.

If any of these conditions are detected during the scan, your specialist will advise on treatment options, which may include further testing, medication, or surgery.


What do the results look like?

When you have a testicular ultrasound, a radiologist will carefully examine the images and send a report with the results to your doctor. 

If the report identifies any abnormalities, it may indicate a range of benign or concerning conditions, including an infection in the testicle, spermatocele, tumour, varicocele, hydrocele, or benign cyst.

Your doctor will help you understand what these results mean and provide recommendations for any necessary next steps. 

If a tumour is found, your specialist will likely recommend further testing to determine the appropriate next steps.

Remember, our team is here to support you every step of the way, and we’ll do everything we can to ensure you receive the best care possible.


Schedule your testicular ultrasound today.

A testicular ultrasound is a safe and painless diagnostic tool that can identify a wide range of testicular conditions.

From swelling and inflammation to cysts and tumours, a testicular ultrasound can provide valuable information to help your doctor determine the best course of action for your health.

Remember, if you are experiencing pain or discomfort in your testicles or scrotum, don’t hesitate to schedule a testicular ultrasound.

It’s natural to feel anxious or worried, but our team of experienced professionals is here to provide you with the highest level of care and support.

Don’t let uncertainty keep you from taking control of your health. Book your appointment now and put your mind at ease. Your health is our top priority, and we look forward to serving you.

Follow Us

At the HSUG, our specialist team delivers private ultrasound scans designed to give you the insight and peace of mind you need. We are the experts when it comes to ultrasonic diagnosis and treatment, and we have a strong track record of providing reassurance to our patients when they need it most.

You’ll find us on Harley Street in London — a convenient location with a rich history of medical excellence. Our team is committed to continuing that history with our own set of expert services.

Subscribe to our newsletter

© 2023 Harley Street Ultrasound Group

All Rights Reserved.